סדנה בריבוד ואי שיוויון
סדנה בריבוד ואי שוויון
במסגרת הסדנה תציג ד"ר טלי קריסטל, מהחוג לסוציולוגיה, אוניברסיטת חיפה בנושא:
The workplace generation of benefit inequality
This paper aims to explain why inequality in fringe benefits has grown faster than wage inequality over the last four decades. We depart from past income inequality research by studying benefits in addition to wages, but also by focusing on workplaces as the main drivers of benefit determination. We advance the argument that benefits determination is more organizationally embedded than wages mainly because workplaces have both greater ability and greater incentives to alter benefits than wages. Consequently, workplace compensation practices, including type of employment relations, are more important for benefits than for wages. Utilizing unique linked employer-job administrative data, from the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) microdata on wages and voluntary benefits costs, enabled us to test these arguments on workplace compensation practices, as well as why benefit inequality has dramatically increased. Consistent with these arguments, the results reveal that between 1982 and 2015 organizational income polarization in benefits was greater than in wages, and establishment-level pay settings impacted benefits more than wages. The decline in labor unions and the liberalization of employment practices were found partly to explain why benefit inequality increased at more than twice the rate of wage inequality.
מרכז הסדנה: אייל ארליך